Bacteria are little, but they reproduce quickly, and one bacterium can multiply into thousands or even millions of new bacteria in just a few hours. Bacteriophages are small viruses that can infect bacteria (phages). Bacteriophages are so tiny that they don't even have a single cell, instead consisting of a single strand of DNA encased in a protein sheath. Bacteriophages can expand rapidly when they infect a bacterium, causing the bacteria to burst and release a large number of new phages. The human body contains trillions of bacteria and bacteriophages, which are essential for a normal, healthy life. Bacteriophage research has become an important element of biology due to its ubiquitous existence and close ties with bacteria. Analyses of bacteriophage genome sequences allow researchers to uncover fundamental principles of genome organisation, co-evolution, and genome modelling and modification.
Mycoviruses, commonly known as mycophages, are fungi-infecting viruses. Mycoviruses have double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) genomes and isometric particles in the majority of cases, but about 30% have positive-sense, single-stranded RNA (+ssRNA) genomes. True mycoviruses have the ability to infect and spread to other healthy fungi. Many double-stranded RNA elements found in fungi do not suit this definition, and they are referred to as virus-like particles, or VLPs, in these circumstances.
Title : Dengue transmission and Aedes vector dynamics before, during and after COVID-19 travel restrictions
Ranjan Ramasamy, IDFISH Technology and University of Jaffna, United States
Title : Viral RNA structures as regulators of gene expression and therapeutic targets
Silvi Rouskin, Harvard Medical School, United States
Title : Novel functions of IRF3 in viral infection and inflammation
Saurabh Chattopadhyay, The University of Toledo, United States
Title : Therapeutic intervention of Bunyavirus induced hemorrhagic fever and cardiopulmonary disease
Mohammad Mir, Western University of Health Sciences, United States
Title : Why and how we discover and study the biology of viruses of micro-organisms in Aotearoa New Zealand
Robin Mac Diarmid, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Title : Antiviral action of aqueous extracts of propolis from scaptotrigona aff. postica against zica, chikungunya, and mayaro virus
Zucatelli, Instituto Butantan, Brazil